About Urinary Stones
Hard deposits of minerals and salts that are formed in the urinary tract are called urinary stones. This is the most commonly found disease condition in the urinary system. Many asymptomatic urinary stones pass through the urine by themselves. Sometimes they get lodged in the urinary tract and cause symptoms of pain, blood in urine, infection or block in the urinary tract.
Urinary stones are of the following types depending on the organ:
- Kidney stones: nephrolithiasis, stones formed in the kidney
- Ureter stones: ureterolithiasis, stones formed in the ureter
- Bladder stones: cystolithiasis, stones formed in the urinary bladder
And, depending on the composition they are of the following types:
- Calcium stones: the most common type (80%), made of calcium salts
- Uric acid stones: the less common type (5-10 %), made of uric acid
- Struvite stones: the less common type (10 %), made of magnesium salts
- Cysteine stones: the least common type (1 %), made of an amino acid (cysteine)
Severe symptoms are caused by the stones that are larger or lodged in particular locations in the urinary system.
Symptoms caused by the urinary stones are:
- Anxiety: Sweating, restlessness due to the sudden, sharp shooting and colicky pain
- Urine: There can be blood or stone particles in the urine, painful urination, blocked urine, foul-smelling & cloudy urine or urgency of urine.
- Other accompanying symptoms: Pain or infection due to the stone can lead to fever, chills, and other related symptoms
- Colicky pain: Depending on the location of the stone, there can be pain on the sides of the abdomen or the lower abdomen. The excruciating pain comes and goes in waves, lasting from 15 minutes to an hour.
- Radiating pain: Depending on the location of the stone, the pain can radiate to the back or the groin region.
The severity of the stone condition and the complications can make the patient experience:
- Severe and unbearable pain
- High-grade fever with chills
- Severe blockage of urine